Rottweiler Health Problems

Learn common rottweiler health problems, such as joint problems (elbow dysplasia, hip dysplasia), eye problems, and other congenital diseases.

Rottweiler Health Problems

Rottweilers are intelligent, alert, and fearless. They are full of energy and are fast learners.

If you are thinking of getting a Rottweiler, you need to know about the common health problems that may affect this dog breed.

Of course, not all Rottweilers will be affected by the common health problems as described below, but keep in mind that they are more predisposed to these illnesses.

Rottweiler Health Problems - Eye Problems

Rottweilers are predisposed to certain eye problems. Below are some Rottweiler health problems related to the eyes:

  • Cataracts: Congenital cataracts, also called juvenile cataracts, affect many dog breeds including Rottweilers. They appear in puppies younger than 6 years old. In addition, Rottweilers are predisposed to adult cataracts which usually occur in older dogs. Surgery may be possible but expensive.
  • Progressive Retinal Atropy (PRA): PRA is a group of eye diseases in which there is destruction of retinal cells in both eyes, leading to blindness. The initial sign of PRA is night blindness. The dog may not want to go out at night. As the disease progresses, the dog will develop other signs of impairment, such as unwillingness to go down a flight of stairs. PRA can be early onset with slow progression, early onset rapid progression, late onset, or sudden retinal degeneration.

    Rottweilers affected by PRA usually develop night blindness between 2 and 5 years of age and progress to total blindness within a year or so.

    There is no treatment for PRA. Fortunately, with their acute senses of smell and hearing, dogs who have lost their vision can compensate very well, particularly in familiar surroundings.

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Rottweiler Health Problems - Joint Problems

Rottweilers are predisposed to a number of joint problems, including:
  • Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia is a genetic disease that is characterized by an abnormal development of the hip joint. It affects mostly large breed dogs such as the Rottweilers. The typical sign of hip dysplasia is limping and bunny hopping. The condition can range from "mild" to "severe". Treatment includes medical therapy and/or surgery.
  • Elbow Dysplasia: Elbow dysplasia is a group of congenital elbow diseases in dogs. Specifically, there is malformation of the elbow joints, and because of the malformation, the bone or cartilage can be damaged, thereby starting the process of osteoarthritis. Large breed dogs such as the Rottweilers are predisposed to this disease. Dogs with elbow dysplasia usually display a front-limb lameness of varying degrees. Lameness may start as early as 4 months of age. Surgery is the treatment of choice.
  • Panosteitis: Panosteitis (aka "Wandering Lameness" or "Pano") is a disease of large, rapidly growing puppies between 5 and 12 months of age, characterized by intermittent lameness in one or more legs. The pain and lameness tend to shift from one limb to another over the course of several weeks or months (hence the name "Wandering Lameness"). The disease is self-limiting and symptoms usually disappear by the time the dog is 20 months old.

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Rottweiler Health Problems - Circulatory System Problems

Two rather common Rottweiler health problems that are related to the circulatory system include:
  • Aortic Stenosis: Aortic stenosis is a congenital heart disease characterized by the narrowing of the aorta as it leaves the left ventricle. The narrowing is caused by scar-like tissue just underneath the aortic valve, and the narrowing makes it more difficult for the heart to pump blood forward to the body. Over time, this can cause problems to the heart and the condition can be fatal.

    Dogs suffering from moderate to severe form of this heart condition show exercise intolerance. In serious cases, a dog may suddenly faint while exercising because there is not enough blood supply to the brain.
  • Von Willebrand's Disease (vWD): Von Willebrand's disease is the most common inherited bleeding disorder and affects quite a few dog breeds, including the Rottweilers. The bleeding is caused by a deficiency of a plasma protein called the von Willebrand factor. The bleeding in most cases of vWD is mild and lessens with age. However, in severe cases, bleeding may include prolonged nosebleeds, bleeding beneath the skin, and blood in urine and stool.

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Other Rottweiler Health Problems

  • Bloat: Bloat is a condition that refers to distention of the stomach due to rapid gas fill-up. Sometimes the bloated stomach rotates and becomes twisted. As a result of the twisting, blood can be stopped from entering the organ. Deep-chested, large breed dogs, such as the Rottweilers, are susceptible to bloat.

    Some of the classic symptoms of dog bloat include unproductive attempts to vomit, retching, and enlargement of the stomach. The dog may drool excessively and may appear restless.

    Sometimes, the dog may just have gas and simply look uncomfortable, and the stomach may feel a bit tight (but not distended). If your dog does not show the classic symptoms of bloat but has a tight stomach and cannot vomit or belch, be very observant and be prepared for an emergency trip to the veterinary clinic.
  • Cancer: Rottweilers are predisposed to certain types of cancer such as lymphosarcoma, which is cancer arising from the lymphocytes in the lymphatic system. and osteosarcoma, which is the most common form of bone cancer in dogs.

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